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Wednesday, December 11, 2013
Influences Of Buddhism & Taoism In Vietnamese Magic
magic is very much influenced by Mahayana Buddhism especially the Pure Land School
(凈土宗) and Taoist magic such as the Lo Pan (魯班) magic but with quite a different flavor.
Traces of Buddhism
Many of the
incantations started with prostration to the Bodhisattva (菩薩):
Nam mô phật mẹ quan âm
bồ tát Prostration to the Goddess of Mercy
further added to another prostration to Amitabah Buddhaya:
Nam mô a di đà phật Prostration to Amitabah Buddhaya (南摩啊彌陀佛
The 'nam mo' here is often used in Buddhism and Hinduism as prostration.
is the A Di Da Phat Yant:
Traces of Taoism
used in Vietnamese magic shows traces of Chinese Han characters and the formats
are almost similar to the traditional Chinese Taoist talismans. The below
example tell it all:
The above meaning translated roughly as:
"Ordering the mountain god to bind and kill ghosts"
From just a
few samples, it is evident that elements of Buddhism and Taoism present in
standard Vietnamese magic. Other influences such as Hindu and Thai may
be present if we are to carry out further investigations.